If an alien came to visit Earth about 10,000 years ago, we could not blame him if he predicted that Europe would be a series of barbarous states under the domination of a mighty sub-Saharan African empire. Poster Smoke Catnip Hail Lucipurr. The direct causes of the conflict between Africa and Europe are clear. As well as clashing with Native Americans, Europeans who came to Africa already had an overwhelming advantage in guns and other technologies, in writing and in the number of literate people, and in the necessary political organization. to maintain long-term expedition and conquest programs.